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94                   HISTORY OK PERSIA                 nur.
robber called Mohamed ihn llias but known as Abu Ali,
and when Ahmad,, having captured Sirjitn, was besieging
Kerman, Abu Ali adopted the unusual course of lighting
by day and sending gifts by nigbt> with the result that he
was allowed to keep Kerman on the condition that he
paid tribute, In an expedition to Jirutt the Buwayhid
prince was ambushed in the Dilfard pass, and according
to the chronicler escaped with only a tew men and the
loss of one of his hands. This, however, was merely a
temporary reverse, and marching westwards he annexed
Pars in conjunction with his brothers in A.II. t\z?, (<),H).
The Caliph was obliged to recogni/e the conquerors as
his lieutenants, After organising the captured provinces,
Ahmad first moved westward and annexed Khu/istan,
and ultimately in A,IL 334 (945) entered Bsighdiul, where
the Caliph perforce welcomed him, bestowing on him the
title of Muizz-u-Dola and the rank of //w/rw/-Ow*/;v/, or
"Amir of Amirs/* which was held by the family tor many
generations-1 The unfortunate Caliph was subsequently
deposed, and his successors were puppets in the hands
of the Buwayhid chiefs, who retained all power for about
a century,
It is beyond the scope of this work to deal in detail
with the three families of Pars, Irak, and Kei, into which
the dynasty broke up ; but 1 will attempt to give briefly
some of the leading events of the period. Muiy//-u-I)oh
died in A,H, 356 (967), and the next great member of the
dynasty was Azud-u-Dola, who held the post of Vizier
to the puppet Caliph and ruled Irak and Furs, His
operations against his brother Fakhr-u-Dola have already
been referred to in connexion with Kabus. 1 le was an
exceptionally enlightened prince, who encouraged pilgrims
by restoring the sacred buildings at Medina, Najaf, and
Kerbela. Moreover, he established hospitals for the
poor of Baghdad, appointing physicians with regular
made by him, appears to have travelled to Siitan in A,H, no*$ (1636), The manuscript
of this work was published by Houtama in A,D. 1886. It dcali with the Seljttki of
Kerman and gives the chief events of the province from AH, 433 (1041) to A,H, 619
(1222), v, tip to the era of the Kuthigh Khans,
1 Curiously enough, this high-sounding title ie now ued only in writing to nom<I
chiefs of secondary importance, such  the Ulchtni of Kuchtn or the Chief of the
Hazara tribe in Khorasan,